Reps to criminalise govt loan abuse, excess public debt


The House of Representatives has passed for second reading, a bill seeking to criminalise abuse of the Fiscal Responsibility Act 2007, especially concerning borrowing and public debt.

The bill particularly proposes a three-year jail term and N500 million fine for a public official who breaches the provisions of Section 41 of the FRA.

Sponsor of the bill, Sergius Ogun, while leading the debate on the bill at the second reading on Tuesday, noted that the proposal was to amend the FRA to make provision for specific sanctions within the Act, for failure to comply with its provisions.

Section 41 of the Act presently reads, ‘(1) The framework for debt management during the financial year shall be based on the following rules:

(a) Government at all tiers shall only borrow for capital expenditure and human development, provided that, such borrowing shall be on concessional terms with low interest rate and with a reasonably long amortization period subject to the approval of the appropriate legislative body where necessary; and

(b) Government shall ensure that the level of public debt as a proportion of national income is held at a sustainable level as prescribed by the National Assembly from time to time on the advice of the Minister.

“(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1) of this section and subject to the approval of the National Assembly, the Federal Government may borrow from the capital market.

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“(3) Non-compliance with the provisions of this section shall make the action taken an offence.”

The bill is now seeking to amend Section 41(3) to read, ‘(3) Non-compliance with the provisions of this section shall make the action taken an impeachable offence and the offender shall be liable on conviction to a fine of N500,000,000 (five hundred million) or imprisonment for a term of three years or to both such fine and imprisonment.’

Ogun stated that the bill, when passed into law, would “address the lacuna in the Act, obviate impunity and serve as a mechanism for making government officials accountable.”

He said, “The Fiscal Responsibility Act 2007 is a very important legal financial management framework. However, there are no specific sanctions or penalties within the Act for the offence created in Subsection 3 of Section 41 of the Principal Act.

“The Act provides for prudent management of the nation’s resources, ensures long-term macro-economic stability of the national economy, secures greater accountability and transparency in fiscal operations within the medium-term fiscal policy framework and promotes fiscal discipline.

“Despite the provision of the Principal Act, Nigeria’s recent Public Expenditure Financial Accountability Report (PEFA Report, 2019), points to the inherent weakness in public financial management. Some of the issues raised in the Report include low budget credibility, insufficient disclosure of public finances, and lack of autonomy of auditor general, amongst others.

“Whereas section 41 of the Act provides the framework for debt management during every financial year and goes further to provide that non-compliance with the provisions of the section shall make any action taken to be an offence, the Act fails to specifically make provision for the sanctions of the said offence.”


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